BILINGUAL NEWS 双语新闻 180212

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川普周一公布1.5万亿美元整修基础设施计划

美国总统川普预计星期一公布人们期待已久的重整美国失修的基础设施的计划。

这项计划的目标是以联邦政府2000亿美元的预算引来1.5万亿美元投资,更新美国的公路、桥梁、铁路和其它基础设施。

这项建议在很大程度上依赖各州和地方政府以及私营领域拿出更新基础设施所需的大部分资金。

联邦政府的2000亿美元将来自削减联邦项目所节省出来的资金。这笔资金中的一半将以配比资金的方式使用,在州政府和地方政府出资后以相同的数额添加。

联邦资金中的大约500亿美元将作为分类拨款,提供给州政府和地方政府,专门用于农村项目。大约200亿美元将拨给“转型项目”,即新项目和创新项目。

另外200亿美元将用于扩大贷款项目和私营活动债券。剩余的100亿美元将作为资本融资基金。

川普总统的基础设施计划还包括减少申请联邦许可证所需的时间和费用,最长时间不超过两年。目前一些联邦许可的申请程序可长达10年。

川普总统星期一将会见包括相关国会委员会主席在内的的国会重要议员讨论他的重整基础设施计划。

Trump to Unveil $1.5 Trillion Infrastructure Plan

U.S. President Donald Trump on Monday is set to unveil his long-awaited plan to tackle the nation's crumbling infrastructure.

The plan aims to turn $200 billion in federal funds into a $1.5 trillion investment for fixing America's roads, bridges, railways and other infrastructure.

The proposal relies heavily on state and local governments and the private sector to cover the costs for most of the projects.

The $200 billion federal funds would come from cuts to existing programs. Of that, half would be spent on an incentive program to match funds from state and local governments.

About $50 billion would go toward rural projects in the form of block grants to states. Another $20 billion would be allocated to "transformative programs" meant for new and innovative projects.

An additional $20 billion would go toward expanding loan programs and private activity bonds, and the final $10 billion would go into a "capital financing fund."

The plan also seeks to shorten the time and expense of getting federal permits to no more than two years. Currently, the process can take five to 10 years.

On Monday, Trump will meet with key members of Congress, including heads of relevant committees, to discuss the plan.


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